To qualify for registration with CRPO, applicants must have completed a program of education and training in psychotherapy that has allowed them to develop required entry-to-practice competencies. The Registration Regulation states that this education may take one of four forms:
- (i) a structured, coherent program of education and training in psychotherapy which has as a prerequisite an undergraduate degree and which includes 360 hours of training and education central to the practice of psychotherapy, which hours exclude direct client contact hours and clinical supervision hours, and which program is recognized by the Registration Committee or by a body that is approved by the Registration Committee, or
- (ii) a master’s degree, which includes at least 10 semester courses (360 hours) of training and education central to the practice of psychotherapy, which hours exclude direct client contact hours and clinical supervision hours, and which degree is recognized by the Registration Committee or by a body that is approved by the Registration Committee, or
- (iii) a program in Indigenous practice of psychotherapy recognized by the Registration Committee or by a body that is approved by the Registration Committee, or
- (iv) a program that is deemed by the Registration Committee to be substantially equivalent to a program referred to in subparagraph i or ii, or education and training that may be comprised of one or more programs, that when viewed in its entirety is deemed by the Registration Committee to be substantially equivalent to a program referred to in subparagraph i or ii.
The Registration Committee or a body approved by the Registration Committee shall not recognize a program unless one of its core components is to develop competency in the safe and effective use of self in the psychotherapeutic relationship.
Applicants who have completed a recognized education and training program will be understood to have met the education and training requirements set out in the Registration Regulation. Applicants who have completed a program that has not been reviewed or recognized will also be considered for registration; however, a more detailed review of their program, including transcripts, course descriptions, etc., will be required.
Programs granted recognition can be confident that their curriculum, objectives and outcomes are aligned with CRPO’s registration requirements.
Reviewing and Recognizing Education Programs
Education program providers may complete and submit an application to have their program reviewed so that they may be recognized by CRPO.
To begin a new application, click the link that says “Click here to create an account as an Education Program Provider”. You will receive further instructions following set-up of your account.
Programs seeking recognition will be asked to submit detailed information about their curricula, faculty members, staffing structure, facilities, admission policies and process for handling student complaints, among other items. In addition, they will be asked to map their education and training objectives and learning outcomes to selected competencies from the Entry-to-Practice Competency Profile, which lists the competencies required of individuals entering practice for the first time, so that they may practise safely, effectively and ethically across a variety of practice settings. Programs should also review the Framework for Reviewing and Recognizing Psychotherapy Education & Training Programs as this Framework will assist programs in developing or revising their curricula and will facilitate their application for recognition by CRPO.
Third Party Program Review Coordinator
Curriculum Services Canada coordinates the process of reviewing and recognizing psychotherapy education and training programs on behalf of CRPO. A program applying for recognition will first complete the online application package as mentioned above. Following submission of the application, Curriculum Services Canada will send the program an email invoice for $3,500 + HST, the fee for reviewing an application for recognition.
Once the invoice has been paid, CRPO staff will conduct an initial review of the application to ensure that it is complete and complies with the instructions for submitting an application. Following this initial review, Curriculum Services Canada will coordinate a substantive review of the application by three individuals who have extensive experience in psychotherapy practice and education, and who are independent of the College. CRPO will not have direct involvement in the substantive review of programs.
Evaluation Criteria and Possible Outcomes
Reviewers examine a program’s submission to form an impression of the overall organization of the program. Reviewers also examine how the program enables students to develop the following entry-to-practice competencies:
- 2.1 Use effective professional communication.
- 2.2 Build and maintain effective relationships.
- 3.1 Comply with legal and professional obligations.
- 3.2 Apply ethical decision making.
- 3.3 Maintain self-care and level of health necessary for responsible therapy.
- 3.4 Obtain clinical supervision & consultation when necessary.
- 3.5 Provide reports to third parties.
- 4.6 Identify when and how to refer clients appropriately.
- 4.7 Conduct an effective closure process to end a course of therapy appropriately.
- 5.1 Access and apply a range of relevant professional literature.
- 5.2 Use research findings to inform clinical practice.
Reviewers will evaluate in greater detail how the program enables students to develop each of the following ten competencies:
- 1.1 Integrate a theory of human psychological functioning and development.
- 1.2 Work within a framework based upon an established psychotherapeutic theory.
- 1.3 Integrate knowledge of comparative psychotherapy relevant to practice.
- 1.4 Integrate awareness of self in relation to professional role.
- 1.5 Integrate knowledge of human and cultural diversity in relation to psychotherapy practice.
- 4.1 Engage in psychotherapy with clients and maintain a professional frame for therapy.
- 4.2 Establish and maintain an effective therapeutic relationship.
- 4.3 Apply safe and effective use of self in the therapeutic relationship.
- 4.4 Conduct an appropriate risk assessment.
- 4.5 Structure and facilitate the therapeutic process.
For each of these ten competencies, reviewers look for the following:
- Program content is sufficiently detailed and current to support students in developing this competency.
- The identified instructional/learning materials used in development of this competency are relevant and appropriate.
- The approach/tools used to support students in developing this competency are balanced and appropriate.
Connections and Integration
- Development of this competency is integrated within the program and complements the overall delivery of the program.
- Learners’ achievement of the competency is evaluated using a variety of appropriate methods, e.g., participation, oral presentation, written work, experiential learning, clinical experience, supervision, safe and effective use of self, etc.
Finally, the reviewers produce a summary of conclusions and make an overall recommendation to CRPO. The reviewer team may make one of the following recommendations:
- That the program be recognized: The program sufficiently enables students to develop the required competencies for entry-to-practice. Recognition is granted for a period of five years.
- That the program be provisionally recognized: The program enables students to develop the required competencies for entry-to-practice, with the exception of one or two specific, minor and reasonably remediable gaps. Provisionally recognized programs will be asked to demonstrate that they have adequately addressed identified gaps within a prescribed time period so that full recognition may be granted.
- That recognition be deferred: The program contains numerous or significant gaps or does not enable students to develop the required competencies for entry-to-practice. The program will need to apply for recognition again when deficiencies have been remedied.