Who can provide clinical supervision to students, qualifying members and others? In all instances, supervisory relationships must adhere to Professional Practice Standards, particularly those set out in section 4: Clinical Supervision.
Students and graduates: Up until December 31, 2019, students and graduates are not required to receive supervision from an RP. For supervision that occurs up to this date, the supervisor can be member of any of the psychotherapy-practising professions* provided they meet the other criteria outlined in CRPO’s definition of a clinical supervisor.
On January 1, 2020, the controlled act of psychotherapy legislation will go fully into effect; at that point, a student or graduate performing the controlled act of psychotherapy who is intending to register with CRPO must receive supervision from an RP who meets CRPO’s definition of a clinical supervisor for the aspects of their role that involve the controlled act of psychotherapy. Students may receive clinical supervision from a member of another psychotherapy-practising profession* (as long as they meet the definition of clinical supervisor) in relation to aspects of their role that fall within the scope of practice of psychotherapy, but not in relation to performing the controlled act. As a reminder, the controlled act of psychotherapy is a subset of the broader scope of practice of psychotherapy. All of this supervision can be counted towards meeting CRPO’s registration requirements, as long as it meets the definitions and is supported by documentation.
Students and graduates should be aware that if they did not receive clinical supervision in the controlled act, then they would not possess the knowledge, skill and judgment necessary to be considered competent to perform the controlled act and would need to refrain from doing so, even once registered with CRPO, until they had developed this area of practice.
RP (does not qualify for independent practice) members must receive ongoing clinical supervision until they have completed a total of 1,000 direct client contact hours and 150 hours of clinical supervision. These members of can receive supervision from anyone who is a member of a psychotherapy-practising profession who meets CRPO’s clinical supervisor definition.
RP (qualifies for independent practice) members may engage in voluntary clinical supervision or may find it is necessary to do so in order to meet Professional Practice Standard 2.0: Competence. Members in this category who obtain clinical supervision for professional growth or due to self-identified needs do not need to receive the supervision from someone who meets the criteria set out in CRPO’s definition of clinical supervisor. Members who rely on such supervision to meet QA or currency requirements must ensure the supervisory relationship aligns with the Professional Practices Standards, particularly those set out in Section 4: Clinical Supervision. CRPO recommends that members in this registration category take a common sense approach to clinical supervision, ensuring that the clinical supervisor has the knowledge, skill and judgement necessary to meet the needs/goals of the supervision.
A member who is involved in a proceeding before a panel of a committee may be required to engage in clinical supervision as part of an undertaking, a program of specified continuing education and remediation (SCERP), or as a term, condition or limitation placed on the member’s certificate of registration. In such cases, the panel would have the authority to determine the requirements for the clinical supervisor and the parameters of the clinical supervision.
For more information about being supervised by a clinician who is a member of a different profession, please consult our Clinical Supervision FAQ.
* The other professions who are permitted to provide psychotherapy services in Ontario are members of College of Psychologists of Ontario, Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers, College of Nurses of Ontario, College of Occupational Therapists of Ontario, and College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario.